Today we’ll learn some new vocabulary with this article from “e-Metro Herald” Dublin’s Metro free newspaper. It’s a short article with some new up-to-date vocabulary and after reading you can answer some comprehension questions about the information in the text.
We hope you enjoy it!
“Small farm keeps cows third the size of normal cattle
We’re used to films where large herds of cattle are driven across the Wild West. But this pint-sized cow might struggle to get out of the west paddock. It is part of the miniature Hereford breed, which are a third of the size of normal cattle and act more like dogs than larger breeds. Malcolm Gough keeps them on his small farm. The 60-year-old, who also has miniature falabella horses said: ‘They’re all very friendly and one of the little bulls is especially so and behaves like a large dog. ‘Our three dogs sometimes get into the pens with them and they play like dogs, but the mothers usually intervene and make it clear to the dogs to be elsewhere.’ Mainly reared in the US and Canada, the miniature cow’s popularity has grown because they are manageable on small plots. Mr Gough imported embryos to Britain’s East Midlands from Canada that were implanted into ordinary-sized Hereford cows, who act as surrogate mothers. ‘The size difference is almost comical but, even though the mothers are not their genetic dams, they still mother them as if they were,’ he added.”
Source: e-metro herald
Milkers /ˈmɪlkə/ – (n.)an informal way to call cows used to produce milk.
Pint-sized /paɪnt saɪzd/ – (adj.) they have the size of a pint, in other words, they are very small.
Cattle /ˈkætl/– (n.) it refers to cows and bulls that are kept for their milk or meat.
Herds of cattle /hɜːds əv ˈkætl/ – “herd” means a large group of animals of the same type that live together. So a “herd of cattle” means a large group of cows and bulls.
Struggle /ˈstrʌgl/– (v.) if you struggle to something, you “fight” for it, you use all your energy because it is something hard or challenging for you.
Paddock /ˈpædək/ – (n.) a field or area surrounded by fences where animals, especially horses, are kept.
Breed /briːd/– (n.) a particular type of animal or plant. For example, bulldog is a breed of dog.
Falabella /falabela/ – (n.) a miniature horse, one of the smallest breed of horse.
Pen /pen/ (n.) a fenced area for animals.
To rear /tə rɪəʳ/ (v.) to rear means to take care of an animal or a child until they can take care of themselves.
Manageable /ˈmænɪdʒəbl/– (adj.) if something is manageable it is easy to deal with. In the text, it means that it is easier to work with this breed of cows because they are smaller.
Plot/plɒt/ – (n.) a small piece of land that is used for a particular purpose.
Surrogate/ˈsʌrəɡɪt/ – (adj.) replacing someone else or used instead of something else. In the text the surrogate mother is not the real mother but works as the mother.
Dam /dæm/ – (n.) synonym of mother used for animals with four legs.
To mother /tə ˈmʌðəʳ/- (v.) to act as a mother (take care, give food, etc.)
1. Do the dogs and miniature cows get on well?
2. Why does Mr Gough prefer to have this breed of cow in his farm?
3. What other advantages do you think miniature Hereford breed have?